Myers-Briggs® highlights general themes or similarities between people. Reading this section may help you to consolidate your understanding of the preferences, and help identify your own Myers Briggs type.
ESTJs take their energy from the outer world of people and external events. They prefer dealing with facts and the present, and makes decisions using logic. Their life is organised on a logical basis. They are therefore practical, and likely to implement tried and trusted solutions to practical problems in a businesslike and impersonal manner. They prefer to ensure that the details have been taken care of rather than spend time considering concepts and strategies.
ESTJs are doers who roll up their sleeves, dig in, and proceed directly to get the job done. They use logic and analysis as guiding principles for their lives. They are quick to decide and set a plan of action. They marshall resources in an organised fashion, implement, and follow through. They like closure. They focus directly on tasks to accomplish and are able to anticipate the steps needed to complete an assignment. In doing so, they see what might go wrong and take necessary preventive action. They monitor events continually and make sure that commitments, both their own and those of others, are honoured and the job gets done. They are at their best in situations that have some structure to them and involve activity not contemplation, and in which an end product is desired.
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ESFPs take their energy from the outer world of people and external events. They prefer dealing with facts, which they usually takes at face value. They also prefer dealing with the present and with people, and probably derives much enjoyment out of friendships. Their life is flexible, living it very much in the present, and responding to things as they arise. They are impulsive and friendly, seeking enjoyment out of life, and makes new friends easily. They like taking part in solving urgent problems, such as fire-fighting or trouble shooting. They operate best in practical situations involving people.
ESFPs are friendly, outgoing, fun loving, and naturally drawn to people. They are enthusiastic and exuberant, and are usually well liked by others. They are good a meeting people and helping them enjoy themselves. They are sympathetic toward people and generous with their time and money. They want to be where the action is, and they will often stir things up in their own special way. At their best, they are able to realistically meet human and situational needs in a fun and lively way.
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ESFJs take their energy from the outer world of people and external events. They prefer dealing with facts, and making decisions on the basis of personal values. They like dealing with people, and organises life on a personal basis. They are very warm people, seeking to maintain harmonious relationships with colleagues and friends, who are a very important part of their life. They can find conflict and criticism very difficult to handle. They have a strong sense of duty and loyalty, and are driven by a need to belong and be of service to people.
ESFJs are helpful people who place a high value on harmony. Paying close attention to people's needs and wants, they work well with others to complete tasks in a timely and accurate way. They follow through on their commitments. They like closure and prefer structured, organised situations in which warmth and compassion are shown. They contribute to others by anticipating their day-to-day concerns and handling them with warmth and efficiency. They are at their best in organising people to get a job done.
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ENFPs take their energy from the outer world of people and external events. They prefer dealing with patterns and possibilities, particularly for people, and makes decisions on the basis of personal values. Their life is flexible, following new insights and possibilities as they arise. They are creative and insightful, often seeking to try new ideas that can be of benefit to people. They may sometimes neglect details and planning, but they enjoy work that involves experimentation and variety, working towards a general goal.
ENFPs are initiators of change who are keenly perceptive of possibilities, and who energise and stimulate through their contagious enthusiasm. They prefer the start-up phase of a project or relationship, and are tireless in the pursuit of new-found interests. They are able to anticipate the needs of others and to offer them needed help and appreciation. They bring zest, joy, liveliness, and fun to all aspects of their lives. They are at their best in situations that are fluid and changing, and that allow them to express their creativity and use their charisma.
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ESTPs take their energy from the outer world of people and external events. They prefer dealing with facts, which they usually views objectively, and they makes decisions on a logical basis. Their life is flexible, consisting of a series of activities that interest their. They are action oriented problem solvers, and prefer to work with practical organisational issues. They can be impulsive, and likes taking part in trouble-shooting-type work. They can sometimes neglect follow-through, but will work best when there is a lot going on that needs organising and solving.
ESTPs are action oriented, pragmatic, outgoing, and realistic people. In situations that require resourcefulness, they use their quickness and flexibility to find the most efficient route to accomplishing whatever needs to be done. They are lively, entertaining, and fun. They like to be where the action is and participate fully in what is happening. Characteristically, they are direct with their comments and mince no words. They are at their best in situations that require an orientation to the present and a direct, no-nonsense, pragmatic approach.
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ENFJs take their energy from outer world of people and external events. They prefer dealing with patterns and possibilities, particularly for people, and makes decisions using personal values. Their life is organised on a personal basis, seeking to develop and maintain stable relationships with those people they likes. They are actively concerned with promoting personal growth in others. They are also highly sociable, and expressive of feelings towards others, but can find conflict and criticism difficult, particularly if it might damage long term relationships. They work best in situations involving people.
ENFJs are lively and enthusiastic facilitators who apply warmth and vision to helping people and meeting their needs. They are aware of people's aspirations and develop plans of action to make those aspirations into reality. They like organisation and closure. They are at their best facilitating situations that require interpersonal sensitivity. They are tolerant and appreciative of others, seeking involvement with them in life's tasks. They are able communicators who are liberal in showing appreciation for others.
ENTJs take their energy from outer world of people and external events. They prefer dealing with patterns and possibilities, and making decisions after considering the consequences of the various courses of action. Their life is organised on a logical basis. They tend to control life, organising systems and people to meet task oriented goals. They often take the role of executive or director, using a business-like and impersonal approach. They may appear intolerant of people who do not set high standards for themselves or don't seem to be good at what they do.
ENTJs take charge quickly and deal directly with problems, especially in situations that involve confusion and inefficiency. They provide structure to the organisations to which they belong and design strategies to accomplish their personal and organisational goals. They develop broad, action-oriented plans, and supply the necessary energy and momentum to see that these plans are accomplished. They are "take charge" people who organise their own and others' external environments. They do not take "no" for an answer; instead, they use their resources to find a way to meet the challenge. They re at their best in using their analytical and strategic thinking.
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ENTPs take their energy from outer world of people and external events. They prefer dealing with patterns and possibilities, and making decisions on a logical basis. They are adaptable, tending to focus on new ideas and interests as and when they arise, particularly if they involve increasing their competence or skill. They are ingenious problem solvers, constantly trying new ideas out, and can seem to enjoy a good argument. They are interested in instigating change, and operates best in overcoming new difficulties where the solution requires the application of creative effort.
ENTPs are known for their quest of the novel and complex. They have faith in their ability to improvise and to overcome any challenges that they face. They are highly independent, and value adaptability and innovation. They may be several steps ahead of others in encouraging and valuing change. They hate uninspired routine and resist hierarchical and bureaucratic structures that are not functional. They need freedom for action. With their entrepreneurial tendencies and broad understandings, they push against all odds to further their projects. They are at their best in changing circumstances in which they can develop conceptual models and devise strategies to effectively navigate through change.
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INTJs take their energy from the inner world of thoughts and ideas. They prefer dealing with patterns and possibilities for the future, and making decisions using impersonal analysis. Their life is organised on a logical basis. They are strategists, identifying long term goals and organising life to meet them. They tend to be sceptical and critical, both of self and others, with a keen sense of deficiencies in quality and competence. They often have a strong intellect, yet are able to attend to details that are relevant to the strategy.
INTJs are strong individualists who seek new angles or novel ways of looking at things. They enjoy coming to new understandings. They are insightful and mentally quick; however, this mental quickness may not always be outwardly apparent to others since they keep a great deal to themselves. They are very determined people who trust their vision of the possibilities, regardless of what others think. They may even be considered the most independent of all the sixteen personality types. They are at their best in quietly and firmly developing their ideas, theories, and principles.
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INFPs take their energy from the inner world of thoughts and ideas. They prefer dealing with patterns and possibilities, especially for people, and prefers to make decisions on the basis of personal values. Their life is flexible, following new insights and possibilities as they arise. They is quiet and adaptable (up to a point - when their values are violated the normally adaptable INFPs can surprise people with their stance). They will seem to be very interested in ideas, and they may sometimes make very creative contributions. They has a hidden warmth for people and a desire to see self and others grow and develop. They prefers to undertake work that has a meaningful purpose.
INFPs focus deeply on their values, and they devote their lives to pursuing the ideal. They often draw people together around a common purpose and work to find a place for each person within the group. They are creative, and they seek new ideas and possibilities. They quietly push for what is important to them, and they rarely give up. While they have a gentleness about them and a delightful sense of humour, they may be somewhat difficult to get to know and may be overlooked by others. They are at their best making their world more in line with their internal vision of perfection.
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INTPs take their energy from the inner world of thoughts and ideas. They prefer dealing with patterns and possibilities, and making decisions on a logical basis. Their life is flexible, following new insights and possibilities as they arise. They are quiet and detached, and adaptable (up to a point - sometimes they may stop adapting, insisting that there is a clear principle at stake). They are not interested in routine, and will often experiment or change things to see if they can be improved. They operate at best when solving complex problems that require the application of intellect.
INTPs are known for their quest for logical purity, which motivates them to examine universal truths and principles. They re constantly asking themselves and others the question "Why?" and "Why not?" Clear and quick thinkers, they are able to focus with great intensity on their interests. They appreciate elegance and efficiency in thought processes and require them, even more so, in their own communications. They may be seen as unwilling to accept what everyone else regards as truth. While often low key in outward appearance and approach, they are as "hard as nails" when challenging a truth. They do not like to deal with the obvious. They are at their best in building conceptual models and developing unusual and complex ideas.
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ISTJs take their energy from the inner world of thoughts and ideas. They prefer dealing with facts, and making decisions after considering the various options. They organise their life on a logical basis. They are quiet, serious and well prepared for most eventualities. They are a keen observers of life, developing a good understanding of situations, which is often not expressed. They have a strong sense of practical objectives, and works efficiently to meet them.
ISTJs are systematic, painstaking, thorough, and hardworking. They get the job done and complete it on schedule. They are serious and sincere in whatever they do. They work well within a structure, follow the hierarchy, and are particularly strong and careful in keeping track of facts and details. They are cautious, generally seeking to maintain the status quo. They are at their best getting things to the right place at the right time. They honour their commitments.
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INFJs take their energy from the inner world of thoughts and ideas. They prefer dealing with patterns and possibilities, particularly for people, and makes decisions using personal values. Their life is organised on a personal basis. They often have a private sense of purpose in life, and works steadily to fulfil that goal. They demonstrate a quiet concern for people, being interested in helping them to develop and grow. They are good at developing insight into people, though it can often remain unexpressed.
INFJs are future oriented, and direct their insights and inspiration toward the understanding of themselves and thereby human nature. Their work mirrors their integrity, and it needs to reflect their inner ideals. Solitude and an opportunity to concentrate thoroughly on what counts most is important to them. They prefer to quietly exert their influence. They have deeply felt compassion, and they desire harmony with others. They understand the complexities existing within people and among them. They do not call a great deal of attention to themselves, preferring that their contributions speak for them. They are at their best concentrating on their ideas, ideals, and inspirations.
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ISTPs take their energy from the inner world of thoughts and ideas. They prefer dealing with facts and making decisions on a logical basis. Their life is flexible, demonstrating an interest in acquiring new information that leads to a practical understanding of the way the world works. They are quiet and detached, and adaptable (up to a point). They are often good at solving organisational problems that need to be thought through. They are curious about how and why things work, and can seem impulsive, sometimes producing surprising ideas or doing something unpredictable.
ISTPs are realists who apply expediency and reasoning as they manage and adapt to situations. They are aware of what is going on in the environment and are able to respond quickly to the actual facts, making sure the odds of success are in their favour. They do not like to be tied down and will feel hamstrung when they must operate within tight structures and schedules. They are able to anticipate immediate, practical needs in situations and to present a logical, straightforward plan for meeting those needs. They are at their best in situations that require immediate attention.
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ISFPs take their energy from the inner world of thoughts and ideas. They prefer dealing with facts and people, and making decisions on the basis of personal values. They are adaptable (up to a point), quiet and friendly. They are interested in people, enjoying their company preferably on an individual basis or in small numbers. They take a caring and sensitive approach to helping others. They enjoy the present, and tends to dislike confrontation and conflict. They usually acts as a very supportive member of a team.
ISFPs are gentle and compassionate, open and flexible. They are considerate of others and do not force their views and opinions on them. They often focus on meeting others' needs, especially those who are less fortunate. Having a quiet, modest, self-effacing style, ISFPs avoid disagreements and seek harmony with people as well as with nature. They enjoy life's precious moments and often add a touch of beauty to the environments where they spend their time. They are at their best ensuring others' well-being.
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ISFJs take their energy from the inner world of thoughts and ideas. They prefer dealing with facts and people, and making decisions on the basis of personal values. Their life is organised on a personal basis, seeking to enjoy relationships with people they likes. They are quiet, serious observers of people, and are both conscientious and loyal. They prefer work that involves being of practical service to people. They are often concerned for and perceptive of how other people feel and dislikes confrontation and conflict.
ISFJs are sympathetic, loyal, considerate, and conscientious. They will go to any amount of trouble, when it makes sense to them, to help those in need. They operate most comfortably in situations where rules are well defined and where traditions are to be upheld. They focus on providing practical help and services for others and for organisations they serve. They are often self-effacing in getting the job done, and they are willing to make necessary sacrifices, especially for their families. They are at their best quietly providing assistance and making sure things are in proper order.
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